Vertical gardening is exactly what the name implies – gardening on a vertical, rather than a horizontal, surface. This can be accomplished in two major ways. First, many vertical gardens take advantage of the tendencies of some plants to grow up rather than out. But it’s not just limited to plants that naturally grow up. Any plant that produces a vine can be “trained” to grow vertically with just a little extra attention.
But your vertical garden doesn’t just have to be vining plants. Nearly any kind of plant can be grown on a vertical surface by either mounting growing containers on a wall or other vertical surface, or by using a framework that allows growing containers to be stacked from bottom to top.
The beauty of vertical gardening lies in several facets. First, growing your vegetables up instead of out saves space, making it a perfect alternative for gardeners with limited space or who are growing in urban environments.
Second, vertical growing makes vegetables easier to harvest. If your beans are growing at waist level rather than at ankle level, it’s a pretty safe bet that anyone would prefer reaching out to harvest rather than bending over
Third, vertical gardening gives plants better air exposure through increased surface area. This leads to generally healthier – and therefore more productive – plants.
Fourth, growing plants vertically reduces the danger of soil-borne diseases, molds and crawling pests.
And perhaps best of all, nearly any vertical surface or structure can be used to support your plants – walls, posts, trellises, frames made from wood or PVC pipe, old shipping pallets, or even other vertically growing plants like trees. You’ll also find that you’ll save money on materials such as fencing, gardening soil and mulch.