When growing roses gardeners typically transplant rose bushes to their garden from a local gardening center. Starting your rose bushes from seed can be a very rewarding activity but it will have its disappointments and challenges. Rose seed starting is also the best way to create your very own rose hybrid. Let’s take a look at how you can start your spring roses from seed.
Collect rose hips that have been formed for about four months. Cut the rose hip in half with a knife and remove the seeds from inside. You will then place these seeds in water and let them soak overnight. In the morning remove any floating seeds from your collection as these will either produce weak seedlings or may not germinate at all.
You will need to remove the pulp from your seeds and can do this simply with a blender. Place the seeds in the blender with fresh water and blend for a few seconds. This will allow the pulp to be scrubbed from the seeds.
Place the seeds on a moist paper towel and fold it over a few times. Place this small packet into a plastic bag to create a germination environment for your rose seeds. You can help force germination by chilling your seeds for about six to ten weeks before planting by placing them in the refrigerator or cool garage.
In early spring, after soaking your seeds for a month or two you can begin creating seedlings. Fill a shallow container or individual pots with half potting soil and half compost and place seeds about a half-inch deep. Water your seed collection so the soil is moist.
Place a plastic or glass cover over the pots and place them in a warm and sun-filled place. Keep the soil moist and seeds will begin germinating. When the seedlings begin to get high enough you can remove the glass or plastic cover so they are not restricted. After six weeks the small seedlings will be a few inches tall and will be ready for their next step!
You can plant them into separate pots if initially put into a tray or you can plant them directly outside. Become familiar with your gardening hardiness zone so you do not ruin all your hard work by planting before the last frost.